Fort Beausejour
1751 – June 1755

Fort Cumberland
after June 1755


Before 1784, this area — now known as Westmorland County,
New Brunswick — was part of Sunbury County in Nova Scotia.
Historic events that occurred here in the 1750s, 1760s, and 1770s
took place in what was then Nova Scotia.  Plaques and monuments
commemorating events that happened here before 1784 are included
in this collection of Nova Scotia historic markers.  These include the
capture of Fort Beausejour in 1755, and the Eddy Rebellion of 1776.


From 1759 to 1784, Nova Scotia and Massachusetts shared a common boundary.
Nova Scotia's western boundary was the eastern boundary of Massachusetts.

In 1784, the Nova Scotia side of this boundary became New Brunswick.
In 1820, the Massachusetts side of this boundary became Maine.


On 22 May 1755 a fleet of three warships and thirty-three transports
carrying 2100 soldiers sailed from Boston, Massachusetts, landing at
Fort Lawrence on 3 June 1755.  The following day the British forces
attacked Fort Beausejour and on 16 June 1755 the French forces
evacuated to Fort Gaspereaux, arriving on 24 June 1755 and onward
to Fortress Louisbourg where they were re-garrisoned on 6 July 1755.
This battle proved to be one of the key victories in the Seven Years War
which saw Britain gain control of all of New France and Acadia.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isthmus_of_Chignecto




Aulac
Westmorland County, New Brunswick
(formerly Sunbury County, Nova Scotia)

GPS location:   45°51'49"N   64°17'33"W
Google map




Fort Beausejour 1751-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 8 August 2005



Fort Beausejour 1751-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005



Fort Beausejour 1751-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005



Fort Beausejour 1751-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005



Fort Beausejour 1751-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005



Photograph of the Fort Beausejour Museum showing the location of these two plaques.
Fort Beausejour 1752-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005

This photograph (above) shows two small cannons (circled below)
on either side of the main entrance to the Fort Beausejour Museum.
Just one week after this photograph was taken, these two cannons
were stolen, during two separate nights, June 30th and July 2nd, 2005.
Fort Beausejour 1752-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755


Fort Beausejour 1752-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005






Links to Relevant Websites
Fort Beausejour
Fort Cumberland

Two Fort Cumberlands

There are two forts named Cumberland that had military
significance during the Seven Years War 1754-1763:
One is located in present-day Cumberland, Maryland.
The other is near present-day Amherst, Nova Scotia.


The Taking of Fort Beausejour, 1755
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part6/
          Scenes/FortBeauAttackPlan.htm


Fort Beausejour: Beyond The Isthmus – Disputed Territory
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Two, by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part6/Ch02.htm


Aerial Photograph of Fort Beausejour Government of New Brunswick
    http://www.gnb.ca/cnb/televox/photo/beausejour-large.jpg


Fort Beausejour: The Attack and The Aftermath
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Three, by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part6/Ch03.htm


Fort Beausejour by Quebec History Encyclopedia
    http://www2.marianopolis.edu/quebechistory/encyclopedia/FortBeausejour.htm


Isthmus of Chignecto: Communications and Transport in the 1750s
Excerpted from the Parrsboro Citizen, 9 December 2000
    http://alts.net/ns1625/nshist02.html


Fort Cumberland: The Eddy Rebellion, November 1776
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Twelve, by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk2/Part2/Ch12.htm


Seven Years War

Timeline of the Seven Years War 1754-1763
The period 2004-2013 is the 250th anniversary of the
Seven Years War, a.k.a. the French and Indian War.
Includes  important  events  in  Nova  Scotia.
http://ns1763.ca/remem/7yw-timeline-w.html





Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Frosty Hollow historic plaque, 1751 Frosty Hollow historic plaque Frosty Hollow
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/frostyhollow.html


Fort Gaspareaux plaque, 1751 Fort Gaspareaux cairn and plaque, 1751 Port Elgin
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/fortgaspareaux.html


Fort Lawrence interpretative panel Fort Lawrence 1750-1756, interpretative panel Fort Cumberland
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/fortlawrence-panel.html


Thomas Dixson, November 1776, plaque Thomas Dixson, November 1776, plaque Fort Cumberland
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/dixson.html


Fort Lawrence historical plaque Fort Lawrence historical plaque, 1750 Fort Lawrence
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/fortlawrence-p.html


Cumberland County war memorial Cumberland County war memorial Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/cumberlandwar.html


North Nova Scotia Highlanders memorial mural North Nova Scotia Highlanders memorial mural Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/amhermural.html


E.B. Chandler plaque E.B. Chandler plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/chandlerm.html


R.B. Dickey plaque R.B. Dickey plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/dickeyrbm.html


J. McCully plaque J. McCully plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/mccullyjm.html


Sir C. Tupper plaque Sir C. Tupper plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/tuppercm.html


Yorkshire Settlers plaque Yorkshire Settlers plaque River Philip
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/yorkshirem.html


Joggins war memorial Joggins war memorial Joggins
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/joggwarmem.html


Amos Seaman's two churches Amos Seaman's two churches Minudie
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/minudie2c.html


A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone Minudie
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/seamanmon.html


Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/westchester.html


Diligent River: historic monument Diligent River historic monument Diligent River
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/diligentriv.html


Maccan war memorial Maccan war memorial Maccan
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/maccanmem.html


Springhill war memorial Springhill war memorial Springhill
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/sprhillwarm.html


Oxford war memorial Oxford war memorial Oxford
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/oxfordwarmem.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   Home Page
    http://ns1763.ca/index.html


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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 July 27
New photograph installed:   2005 August 12
Added Google Map link:   2007 December 29
Latest update:   2008 March 19