Planters
1760 – 1763

("Planters" means colonists or settlers)



Photographs of
Monument

Horton Landing
Hortonville
Kings County
Nova Scotia

GPS location:   45°06'48"N   64°16'47"W



9 June 2005
Meeting at Horton Landing

Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument
Looking northward

Photographed on 9 June 2005

Left to right:
 1:   John Whidden, Wolfville Historical Society
 2:   John Vaillancourt, Wolfville Historical Society
 3:   Joe Kinsman, Executive Assistant to the Hon. David Morse, MLA
 4:   Beth Keech, Grand Pre Heritage Society
 5:   Theresa Bunbury, Parks Canada
 6:   Bria Stokesbury, Kings County Museum
 7:   David Baldwin, Apple Capital Museum
 8:   Gordon Haliburton, Chair, Kings Heritage Connection
 9:   Roger Hetu, Les Amis de Grand Pré



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument
The original bronze plaque that has been here since 1960.

Photographed on 9 June 2005

Left to right:
  1:   John Whidden, Wolfville Historical Society
  2:   Joe Kinsman, Executive Assistant to the Hon. David Morse, MLA
  3:   Beth Keech, Grand Pre Heritage Society
  4:   John Vaillancourt, Wolfville Historical Society
  5:   Bria Stokesbury, Kings County Museum
  6:   Roger Hetu, Les Amis de Grand Pré
  7:   Theresa Bunbury, Parks Canada
  8:   David Baldwin, Apple Capital Museum
  9:   Brian Ward, Nova Scotia Department of Transport (black jacket)
10:   Nova Scotia Department of Transport (behind B. Ward)



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument

Photographed on 9 June 2005

Left to right:
 1:   Roger Hetu, Les Amis de Grand Pré
 2:   Theresa Bunbury, Parks Canada
 3:   John Vaillancourt, Wolfville Historical Society
 4:   Gordon Haliburton, Chair, Kings Heritage Connection
 5:   John Whidden, Wolfville Historical Society
 6:   Beth Keech, Grand Pre Heritage Society
 7:   Joe Kinsman, Executive Assistant to the Hon. David Morse, MLA



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument
Looking westward

Photographed on 9 June 2005



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument
Looking southward

Photographed on 9 June 2005



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument with bronze plaque removed
The bronze plaque has been removed.

Photographed on 25 July 2005



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument with new bronze plaque
A new bronze plaque has been installed.

Photographed on 28 July 2005



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: New bronze plaque
The new bronze plaque.

Photographed on 28 July 2005



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: New bronze plaque detail
A detail of the new bronze plaque.

Photographed on 28 July 2005



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument with the new bronze plaque

Photographed on 28 July 2005





Above: Photographs taken in 2005
Below: Photographs taken in 2002-2003



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument

Photographed on 21 May 2003



Planters monument, Horton Landing: looking northeast

Photographed on 21 November 2002



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument

Photographed on 21 May 2003



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Planters monument
Cape Blomidon in the background

Photographed on 21 May 2003



Planters monument, Horton Landing: the plaque
The original plaque, 1960 to July 2005


Edmund Burke (1729-1797) was one of the foremost
political thinkers of 18th century England.

Photographed on 21 November 2002
Plaque date: 1960



Also see: Planters Cairn at Town Plot, Starr's Point


Planters monument, Horton Landing: looking southeast

In the distance we see the Windsor & Hantsport Railway bridge
over the Gaspereau River.

Photographed on 21 November 2002


Thanks to Mr. Garnet Clarke.



Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: Map showing location of the Planters monument
Map showing the location of the Planters monument
Horton Landing, Kings County, Nova Scotia

Roads are shown as they were in 1956. Except for Highway 101, the
layout of the roads in 2006 has not changed much from that shown here.



Location of the Planters monument superimposed on a 1749 French map
The location of the Planters monument
superimposed on a 1749 French map of Minas Basin


Map source: Northeast Archaeological Research
http://www.northeastarch.com/minas_environs.html






Horton Landing, Nova Scotia: the dead tree marks the location of the old wharf
The tree marks the location of an old wharf

Photographed on 21 May 2003



The remains of the old wharf near the Planters Monument

Remains of the old wharf at Horton Landing

Photographed on 21 May 2003, about an hour before high tide

Remains of the old wharf at Horton Landing

Photographed on 21 May 2003, about an hour before high tide



The remains of the old wharf near the Planters Monument

Remains of the old wharf at Horton Landing

Photographed on 9 June 2005, at low tide looking upstream (southeasterly)

Remains of the old wharf at Horton Landing

Photographed on 9 June 2005, at low tide looking downstream (northeasterly)




Planter 2010 Celebration in Nova Scotia





Links to Relevant Websites

New England Migration
Between 1760 and 1774, approximately 8000 Planters from
the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
and New Hampshire came to Nova Scotia...
    http://ace.acadiau.ca/history/plmigrat.htm


Planters Study Centre Established in Kings County, March 2003
Between 1759 and 1768, some 8000 New England Planters
emigrated to what is now the Maritime provinces of Canada...
    http://www.fnsh.ns.ca/news_mar03_planters.html

The Wayback Machine has archived copies of:
Planters Study Centre Established in Kings County
March 2003


Archived: 2003 October 23
http://web.archive.org/web/20031023170502/http://www.fnsh.ns.ca/
      news_mar03_planters.html

Archived: 2003 December 08
http://web.archive.org/web/20031208043658/http://www.fnsh.ns.ca/
      news_mar03_planters.html


These links were accessed and found to be valid on 15 November 2009.


East Coast Kin, Maritime History Lesson Part Two
The Global Gazette, 13 June 1998
...Until recent times, history largely overlooked the Planters,
a term coined (or perhaps more accurately, resurrected) by
acclaimed Maritime historian Esther Clark Wright in 1978.
Planter is an Elizabethan English word meaning settler...
    http://globalgazette.net/gazsd/gazsd12.htm


Imprint Of The New England Planters
by Bill Hamilton, the Sackville Tribune-Post, 19 January 2000
...According to a census taken in 1767, well over half
of Nova Scotia's population of some 18,000 was of
New England origin.  This migration, described as
"an overflowing from the exuberant population of
New England" reached a peak on the Tantramar in 1761,
with the arrival of settlers from Rhode Island,
Massachusetts and Connecticut...
    http://www.tantramar.com/trib/2000/01/19/columns.html


The Planter Prime Ministers
by Bill Hamilton, the Sackville Tribune-Post, 21 June 2000
...Of the 21 individuals who have served as Prime Minister of
Canada, there have been but four Maritimers:
    Sir John S. D. Thompson,
    Sir Charles Tupper,
    Sir Robert Borden and
    Rt. Hon. R. B. Bennett.
It is worthy of note that the latter three all shared a common
New England Planter ancestry...
    http://www.tantramar.com/trib/2000/06/21/columns.html


Planter Studies Centre
Acadia University's Planter Studies Centre is a research
institute which focuses scholarly attention on the 8000
New England residents who migrated to Nova Scotia
between 1759 and 1774...
    http://libguides.acadiau.ca/planter






Glimpses of the Past

The wise policy of the government of Nova Scotia, which induced New England farmers to settle upon the lands in the peninsula from which the Acadians had been removed, was extended to others who wished to establish themselves in other sections of the province; and grants were soon made to companies and to individuals in different parts of the district which now forms the province of New Brunswick.  Many also went northward and westward towards the Canadian (Quebec) border.  "A perfect fever for emigration from the older towns commenced," as Kidder says, ["Military Operations in Eastern Maine and Nova Scotia during the Revolution" by Frederic Kidder] "and a very few years sufficed to carry civilization over the largest part of Vermont, New Hampshire and much of Maine along and west of the Penobscot."  But the greater part of the emigration came toward Nova Scotia.

The rapidity and extent of this influx of population are almost incredible.  Gov. Lawrence's proclamations had drawn attention to the province; the fall of Quebec, and the Indian treaty of 1760, left no fear of an immediate renewal of the French and Indian wars; there were also, doubtless, greatly exaggerated reports of the fertility of the soil; yet it is impossible to fully account for the migration without supposing a sort of restlessness, such as sometimes seizes upon people en masse, and such as we have seen paralleled only in the early days of the "California fever".  Unlike the gold hunters, however, the New Englanders who came to Nova Scotia came as permanent settlers...

In the provincial building, at Halifax, historical information may be obtained from the legislative library, the Nova Scotia historical library, the record office, and the land office.  The libraries of the legislature and the historical society have the same librarian.  The record office, however, is at present under separate jurisdiction, and its archives contain the manuscript of 1762 and the "general return" of 1767 referred to in my recent article on the New England emigration.  The return compiled from this "General Return of the several Townships in the Province of Nova Scotia, the first day of January 1767," is here repeated in a changed and corrected form:

Census as of January 1767
  Americans Total
persons
in each
township
Amherst 29    123   
Annapolis 370    513   
Barrington 365    376   
Blandford 11    95   
Breton, Island of 170    707   
Canso 73    519   
Chester 175    231   
Cornwallis 697    727   
Cumberland 269    334   
Dartmouth 8    39   
Dublin 60    107   
Falmouth 200    292   
Granville 350    383   
Halifax and environs 1351    3022   
Hopewell 62    159   
Horton 617    634   
Lawrence Town 5    15   
Liverpool 594    634   
Londonderry 10    148   
Lunenburg 25    1468   
Maugerville 235    261   
Monkton 7    60   
Newport 242    279   
Onslow 137    245   
Sackville 343    349   
St. John's, Island of
Prince Edward Island
70    519   
Truro   301   
Wilmot 19    40   
Windsor 48    243   
Yarmouth 351    379   
Omitted: Miramichi
   St. John's River
   and Cape Sable
20    172   
      Totals 6,913    13,374   

— Source: Glimpses of the Past: The County of Sunbury
Saint Croix Courier, St. Stephen, New Brunswick, 29 September 1892
— Reference: Glimpses of the Past: Index
Saint Croix Courier, St. Stephen, New Brunswick, 7 January 1892





Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Monument: 1747 Attack at Grand Pre Monument: 1747 Attack at Grand Pre Grand Pre
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/attack1747.html


Planters cairn, Town Plot, Starrs Point Planters cairn Town Plot, Starrs Point
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/starrspt.html


Sir Robert Laird Borden monument Sir Robert Laird Borden monument Grand Pre
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/borden_rl.html


Two Early Churches memorial stone Two Early Churches memorial stone Chipman Corner
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/chipcnrm.html


Abraham Gesner monument Abraham Gesner monument Chipman Corner
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/gesnermem.html


Sheffield Mills war memorial Sheffield Mills war memorial Sheffield Mills
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/sheffieldmills.html


Prescott House, Starrs Point Prescott House Starrs Point
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/prescottcr.html


Wellington Dyke, Starrs Point Wellington Dyke Starrs Point
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/wellington.html


Canning: Ebenezer Bigelow shipyard monument Ebenezer Bigelow shipyard monument Canning
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/bigelowyardm.html


Wolfville: 1967 Centennial Project 1967 Willow Park plaque Wolfville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/wolfwillow.html


Iron Cross monument Iron Cross monument Horton Landing
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/ironcross.html


Morden: French Cross monument French Cross monument Morden
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/frenchcross.html


Fort Edward blockhouse Fort Edward blockhouse Windsor
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/fortedward.html


Fort Edward cannons Fort Edward cannons Windsor
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/fortedcann.html


Windsor Exhibition founded in 1765 Windsor Exhibition founded in 1765
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/windex.html


Hants County war memorial Hants County war memorial Windsor
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/hantsco2wwmem.html


Bloody Creek monument Monument: Bloody Creek 1757 Bloody Creek
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bloodycrk.html


Acacia Villa School cairn Acacia Villa School monument Hortonville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/avschool.html


Diligent River: historic monument Diligent River historic monument Diligent River
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/diligentriv.html


Wolfville war memorial Wolfville war memorial Wolfville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/wolfmem.html


Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave
    http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/lahavefpm.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   Home Page
    http://ns1763.ca/index.html



First uploaded to the Internet:   2002 November 28
New photographs installed:   2003 December 06
Seven new photographs installed:   2005 June 16
Five new photographs installed:   2007 November 24
Latest update:   2010 May 13