Attack at Grand Pre

11 February 1747

2007
260th anniversary



Photographs of
Monument

Grand Pre
Kings County
Nova Scotia


Located at the intersection of Grand Pre Road with the Old Post Road


GPS location:   45°06'18"N   64°18'23"W
Google map




Monument commemorating the 1747 Attack at Grand Pre

Photographed on 11 June 2003



Plaque describing the 1747 Attack at Grand Pre

Photographed on 13 December 2002



Grand Pre, Nova Scotia: Map showing 1747 Attack monument location
Map showing the location of the monument
commemorating the 1747 Attack at Grand Pre
Kings County, Nova Scotia.

Roads are shown as they were in 1956. Except for Highway 101, the
layout of the roads in 2006 has not changed much from that shown here.



Plaque describing the 1747 Attack at Grand Pre

Photographed on 13 December 2002



Monument, in winter: 1747 Attack at Grand Pre
Winter

Photographed on 16 February 2006



Monument, 260th Anniversary of the attack on 11 February 1747
260th Anniversary of the attack on 11 February 1747

Photographed on 11 February 2007



Monument commemorating the 1747 Attack at Grand Pre

Photographed on 12 August 2007






...In the autumn of 1746, William Shirley, the governor of Massachusetts, who exercised supervision over the affairs of Nova Scotia, seeing in this a real menace to British power in the colony, raised a thousand New Englanders and dispatched them to Annapolis.  Of these only four hundred and seventy, under Colonel Arthur Noble of Massachusetts, arrived at their destination.  Most of the vessels carrying the others were wrecked by storms; one was driven back by a French warship.  In December, however, Noble's New Englanders, with a few soldiers from the Annapolis garrison, set out to rid Acadia of the Canadians; and after much hardship and toil finally reached the village of Grand Pre in the district of Minas.  Here the soldiers were quartered in the houses of the Acadians for the winter, for Noble had decided to postpone the movement against Ramesay's position on the isthmus until spring.  It would be impossible, he thought, to make the march through the snow.

But the warlike Canadians whom Ramezay had posted in the neck of land between Chignecto Bay and Baie Verte did not think so.  No sooner had they learned of Noble's position at Grand Pre than they resolved to surprise him by a forced march and an attack by night.  Friendly Acadians warned the British of the intended surprise; but the over-confident Noble scouted (scoffed at) the idea.  The snow in many places was "twelve to sixteen feet [four to five metres] deep," and no party, even of Canadians, thought Noble, could possibly make a hundred miles of forest in such a winter.  So it came to pass that one midnight, early in February, Noble's men in Grand Pre found themselves surrounded.  After a plucky fight in which sixty English were killed, among them Colonel Noble, and seventy more wounded, Captain Benjamin Goldthwaite, who had assumed the command, surrendered.  The enemies then, to all appearances, became the best of friends.  The victorious Canadians sat down to eat and drink with the defeated New Englanders, who made, says Beaujeu, one of the Canadian officers, "many compliments on our polite manners and our skill in making war." The English prisoners were allowed to return to Annapolis with the honours of war, while their sick and wounded were cared for by the victors.  This generosity Mascarene afterwards gratefully acknowledged.

When the Canadians returned to Chignecto with the report of their victory over the British, Ramesay issued a proclamation to the inhabitants of Grand Pre setting forth that "by virtue of conquest they now owed allegiance to the King of France," and warning them "to hold no communication with the inhabitants of Port Royal." This proclamation, however, had little effect.  With few exceptions the Acadians maintained their former attitude and refused to bear arms, even on behalf of France and in the presence of French troops....
— Source: FullBooks.com
The Acadian Exiles, part 1 by Arthur G. Doughty, Toronto, 1916
Chronicles of Canada, in thirty-two volumes
Edited by George M. Wrong and H. H. Langton

Arthur G. Doughty Wikipedia
Sir Arthur G. Doughty Library and Archives Canada
The Acadian Exiles, by Arthur G. Doughty Project Gutenberg





Links to Relevant Websites

History of Nova Scotia: Battle at Grand Pre, 1747 by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part5/Ch03.htm


Noble Massacre Part of Acadian History by Ed Coleman, 9 July 2004
...What occurred during the so-called Noble massacre
and what are the details?...
    http://www3.ns.sympatico.ca/ecoleman/editorial/2004/e04jul09.html


Arthur Noble by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1700-63/Noble.htm


Arthur Noble Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://ns1763.ca/bio/7bio-35680-noble.html


Arthur Noble Electric Scotland
    http://www.electricscotland.com/history/world/bios/noble_arthur.htm


Chapter IV: In Times of War by Arthur G. Doughty, Quebec History Encyclopedia
William Shirley, the governor of Massachusetts, who exercised supervision
over the affairs of Nova Scotia, saw in the events of 1744 a real menace to
British power in the colony.  Acting quickly, Shirley raised a thousand
New Englanders and dispatched them to Annapolis.  Of these only 470,
under Colonel Arthur Noble of Massachusetts, arrived at their destination.
Most of the vessels carrying the others were wrecked by storms; one was
driven back by a French warship.  In December 1746, however, Noble's
New Englanders, with a few soldiers from the Annapolis garrison, set out
to rid Acadia of the Canadians; and after much hardship and toil finally
reached the village of Grand Pre in the district of Minas.  Here the soldiers
were quartered in the houses of the Acadians for the winter, for Noble had
decided to postpone the movement against Ramesay's position on the
isthmus until spring.  It would be impossible, he thought, to make the march
through the snow.  But the warlike Canadians whom Ramesay had posted
in the neck of land between Chignecto Bay and Baie Verte did not think so.
No sooner had they learned of Noble's position at Grand Pre than they
resolved to surprise him by a forced march and an attack by night.
Friendly Acadians warned the British of the intended surprise; but the
over-confident Noble scoffed at the idea.  The snow in many places was
"twelve to sixteen feet deep," and no party, even of Canadians, thought
Noble, could possibly travel a hundred miles of forest in such a winter.
So it came to pass that one midnight, early in February, Noble's men in
Grand Pre found themselves surrounded.  After a plucky fight in which sixty
English were killed, among them Colonel Noble, and seventy more wounded...
    http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/QuebecHistory/
          encyclopedia/SevenYearsWar-InTimesofWar.htm


Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Roch de Ramezay Dictionary of Canadian Biography
In December 1746 an expeditionary force of New England troops under
Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Noble settled in at Grand Pre with the aim
of ending incursions into Nova Scotia by the Canadians and French.
On learning this news Ramezay decided to attack them, and he entrusted
leadership of the detachment, which left on 9 February 1747, to his
second in command, Captain Nicolas-Antoine Coulon de Villiers.  After
being wounded in the attack Coulon was replaced by Louis de La Corne...
    http://ns1763.ca/bio/7bio-36258-ramezay1708.html


Nicholas Antoine Coulon de Villiers Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://ns1763.ca/bio/7bio-35407-vill-nic.html


Jean-Louis de La Corne Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Confusion about the identity of Louis de La Corne has arisen because of the
variety of names given to him... His first combat experience was in Acadia in
February 1747 when he served as second in command of a party of some
300 Canadians and Indians led in a winter attack by Nicolas-Antoine
Coulon de Villiers against Colonel Arthur Noble and 500 men in Grand Pre.
Villiers was wounded almost immediately, but under La Corne's leadership
Colonel Noble and a large number of the enemy were killed, wounded, or
taken prisoner.  La Corne's part in this action won him the cross of Saint-Louis,
awarded in May 1749...
    http://ns1763.ca/bio/7bio-35580-corne.html


Significant Historical Happenings in Nova Scotia: 1747-1748 by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/Dates/1747-48.htm


Acadia: 1730 to 1748 by Tim Hebert
    http://www.acadian-cajun.com/acadia6.htm


In Times of War
No sooner had they learned of Noble's position at Grand Pre than they
resolved to surprise him by a forced march and an attack by night.
Friendly Acadians warned the British of the intended surprise; but
the over-confident Noble scoffed at the idea.  The snow in many
places was "twelve to sixteen feet deep," [4-5m] and no party, even of
Canadians, thought Noble, could possibly make a hundred miles
of forest in such a winter.  So it came to pass that one midnight, early
in February, Noble's men in Grand Pre found themselves surrounded...
    http://www.canadiangenealogy.net/chronicles/times_of_war.htm


Records of Chignecto by William Cochrane Milner
...It was from Beausejour that Coulon de Villiers led a detachment of French and
Indians in the depth of winter to attack Col. Noble's force then billetted amongst
the Acadian farmers at Grand Pre, which they surprised and massacred...
    http://www.rootsweb.com/~nbwestmo/recschic.htm


Cobequid Acadian-Cajun Genealogy and History
...In the winter of 1747, de Ramesy (who was at Beaubassin) heard
that Colonel Noble and a group of New Englanders were at Grand Pre.
Although De Ramesay had been injured recently, he sent Coulon de Villiers
across 200 miles of snow-covered terrain for a surprise attack.
They headed to Remsheg along a road cut by La Corne in 1746.
They arrived at Remsheg on January 25 and at Tatamagouche on January 26...
    http://www.acadian-cajun.com/cobequd.htm


Chignecto Isthmus; First Settlers by Howard Trueman
...The successful raid of de Villiers, in the winter of 1747, convinced the English
that so long as Chignecto was in possession of the French, and was used as a
base of operations to defy the English Government, there could be no lasting
peace or security for settlers of British blood.  Taking this view of the matter,
Governor Cornwallis determined to take measures to drive the French from the
Isthmus of Chignecto...
    http://emotionalliteracyeducation.com/
          classic_books_online/chgnt10.htm


War of the Austrian Succession
known in North America as
King George's War
1740/41/42-1748 in Europe
1744-1748 in North America

The War of the Austrian Succession
is a general name covering several wars:

The Austro-Saxon War (1741)
The First Silesian War (1740-1742)
The Second Silesian War (1744-1745)
The Austro-Bavarian War (1741-1745)
The Franco-Austrian War (1744-1748)
The Austro-Spanish War (1744-1748)

The War of Jenkins' Ear (1739-1741)
led into the War of the Austrian Succession


War of the Austrian Succession, 1741-1748 by Alexander Ganse at KMLA
(KMLA stands for Korean Minjok Leadership Academy,
an elite boarding high school located in rural South Korea)
    http://www.zum.de/whkmla/military/18cen/austsucc.html


War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-1748 Wikipedia
...In North America the most remarkable incident of what has been called
King George's War was the capture of the French Canadian fortress of Louisburg
by a British expedition (April 29 - June 16, 1745), of which the military
portion was furnished by the colonial militia under Colonel (afterwards
Lieutenant-General Sir William) Pepperell (1696-1759) of Maine. Louisburg was
then regarded merely as a nest of privateers, and at the peace it was given up,
but in the Seven Years' War it came within the domain of grand strategy, and
its second capture was the preliminary step to the British conquest of Canada.
Hostilities also occurred in India...
    http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Austrian_Succession


War of the Austrian Succession, 1742-48 ...The French made an unsuccessful
assault on Annapolis Royal (Port Royal, Nova Scotia, 1744), and an expedition
of New Englanders under William Pepperrell in cooperation with a fleet under
Sir Peter Warren captured Fort Louisbourg (16 June 1745)...
    http://www.usahistory.com/wars/austsucc.htm


The War of Jenkins' Ear, 1739-1742 The War of Jenkins' Ear began in Europe
on 19 October 1739, and a year later merged into the War of Austrian Succession...
As soon as war was declared, Gov. James Edward Oglethorpe called on the citizens
of Georgia and South Carolina to join in an invasion of Florida...
    http://www.usahistory.com/wars/jenkins.htm


The War of Jenkins' Ear, 1739-1742 ...The cast of characters, and stages
on which the drama was played out, are simultaneously famous and obscure...
    http://www.boat-links.com/books/Lardas/Lardas04.html


King George's War, 1739-1742: The War of Jenkins' Ear
    http://home.wnclink.com/russell/Jenkins_Ear.htm

The Wayback Machine has archived copies of this document:
King George's War, 1739-1742
The War of Jenkins' Ear

Archived: 2002 August 18
http://web.archive.org/web/20020818112241/http://home.wnclink.com/russell/Jenkins_Ear.htm

Archived: 2003 February 27
http://web.archive.org/web/20030227091549/http://home.wnclink.com/russell/Jenkins_Ear.htm

Archived: 2004 July 03
http://web.archive.org/web/20040703095654/http://home.wnclink.com/russell/Jenkins_Ear.htm


These links were accessed and found to be valid on 11 August 2007.



The Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-48
    http://www.1upinfo.com/country-guide-study/austria/austria25.html


The Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-48
    http://www.workmall.com/wfb2001/austria/
        austria_history_the_pragmatic_sanction_and_
        the_war_of_the_austrian_succession_1740_48.html







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Planters monument Planters monument Horton Landing
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/plantermon.html


Planters cairn, Town Plot, Starrs Point Planters cairn Town Plot, Starrs Point
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/starrspt.html


Acacia Villa School cairn Acacia Villa School monument Hortonville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/avschool.html


Falmouth: Sainte-Famille Parish Cemetery Sainte-Famille Parish Cemetery Falmouth
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/acadnfalm.html


Henry Wadsworth Longfellow memorial at Grand Pre H.W. Longfellow memorial Grand Pre
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/longfell.html


John Frederick Herbin memorial at Grand Pre J.F. Herbin memorial Grand Pre
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/herbin_jf.html


Iron Cross monument Iron Cross monument Horton Landing
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/ironcross.html


Morden: French Cross monument French Cross monument Morden
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/frenchcross.html


Sir Robert Laird Borden monument Sir Robert Laird Borden monument Grand Pre
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/borden_rl.html


Two Early Churches memorial stone Two Early Churches memorial stone Chipman Corner
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/chipcnrm.html


Abraham Gesner monument Abraham Gesner monument Chipman Corner
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/gesnermem.html


Wolfville: 1967 Centennial Project 1967 Willow Park plaque Wolfville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/wolfwillow.html


Hants County war memorial Hants County war memorial Windsor
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/hantsco2wwmem.html


Fort Edward blockhouse Fort Edward blockhouse Windsor
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/fortedward.html


Fort Edward cannons Fort Edward cannons Windsor
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/fortedcann.html


Bloody Creek monument Monument: Bloody Creek 1757 Bloody Creek
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bloodycrk.html


Monument: Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill monument LeQuille
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/lequille.html


Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave
    http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/lahavefpm.html


Plaque: Bishop-Beckwith Marsh Body 1760-1995 Plaque: Bishop-Beckwith Marsh Body 1760-1995 Port Williams
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/bishbeck.html


Windsor Exhibition founded in 1765 Windsor Exhibition founded in 1765
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/windex.html


Acadia U. Memorial Gym Acadia U. Memorial Gym Wolfville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/acadiamemgym.html


Wolfville war memorial Wolfville war memorial Wolfville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/wolfmem.html


Canning war memorial Canning war memorial Canning
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/cannmem.html


Kentville Legion war memorial Kentville Legion war memorial Kentville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/kentlegion.html


Kentville Memorial Park Kentville Memorial Park Kentville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/kentmem.html


Sheffield Mills war memorial Sheffield Mills war memorial Sheffield Mills
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/sheffieldmills.html


North Mountain airplane crash memorial North Mountain airplane crash memorial Brow of Mountain
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/browmtn.html


Veterans Memorial View Park Veterans Memorial View Park Avonport
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/veteranspark.html


Veterans Lane military memorial Veterans Lane military memorial Kingston
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/veteranslane.html


Veterans Memorial Bench and Sundial Veterans Memorial Bench and Sundial Kentville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/veteransbench.html


St. Antoine, 1682: historic signs St. Antoine, 1682 New Minas
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/newminas-antoine.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   Home Page
    http://ns1763.ca/index.html







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First uploaded to Internet:   2002 October 20
Additional photographs installed:   2002 December 17
Better photograph installed:   2003 June 13
New photograph installed:   2006 February 16
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