Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Nova Scotia, Hants County: BCATP Stanley Flying School 1941-1944 -16

Commonwealth
Air Training Plan

1940 – 1945

The Most Costly Air Battle in Canadian History


The Great Canadian Air Battle


It is easy to forget certain things about the war. When we consider

Canada’s participation in the Second World War, we understandably

think about the ordeals of Hong Kong and Dieppe, the difficult battles

in Italy, the spectacular landing on 6 June 1944, and the long campaign

to reclaim Europe that followed. The contributions of Canadian pilots to

the Battle of Britain, and of the Royal Canadian Navy to the victory in the

Atlantic, are also remembered. However, all too often, we forget that the

war was also taking place on Canadian soil. In fact, during the early years

of the conflict, it was mostly in Canada that the war found its victims:

over 1,000 airmen had already lost their lives on Canadian bases

before the raid on Dieppe was launched in August 1942. From the

beginning of 1942 to the end of 1944, 831 fatal air accidents took

place in Canada – an average of 23 per month, or five every week.

Each week, at least a dozen airmen died in Canada, an enormous number…

During the first years of the war, Canada was

the most dangerous place a pilot could be…


The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

and RCAF Fatalities During the Second World War

by Dr. Jean Martin

Canadian Military Journal, Spring 2002

http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo3/no1/doc/65-69-eng.pdf


Photographs of Memorial
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Middleton
Annapolis County
Nova Scotia

This BCATP memorial is located in the churchyard
at Old Holy Trinity Church, Middleton, Nova Scotia,

GPS location: 44°56’03″N 65°05’10″W

Google map


Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, view looking north

Photographed on 28 July 2003


Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, south face

South face (above) North face (below)

Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, north face

Photographed on 4 October 2002


Also see: Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, Kingston


Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, looking southwest

Photographed at 6:11am on 13 June 2003


Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, looking northwest

Photographed on 13 June 2003


Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, looking north

Photographed on 13 June 2003

BCATP Pennant
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Located in the Aviation Museum at CFB Greenwood

Greenwood Military Aviation Museum

CFB Greenwood Aviation Museum


BCATP pennant

Photographed on 2 June 2003


BCATP pennant

Photographed on 2 June 2003


CFB Greenwood was established in 1942 as a Royal Air Force Station
as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).
The BCATP was a plan to expand all Commonwealth air forces.
Greenwood was used as a training base during WW2.

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan


In three consecutive issues, the National Post

used three full pages (no space taken for ads)

for excerpts from the recently re-published book

Behind The Glory: Canada’s Role in the Allied Air War

by Ted Barris


National Post clipping, 28 Dec 2005: British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Clipping: Page A15, National Post, 28 December 2005


National Post clipping, 28 Dec 2005: The first in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"

Introduction – first excerpt: Page A15, National Post, 28 December 2005


National Post clipping, 29 Dec 2005: The second in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"

Introduction – second excerpt: Page A15, National Post, 29 December 2005


National Post clipping, 30 Dec 2005: The third in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"

Introduction – third excerpt: Page A15, National Post, 30 December 2005


National Post clipping, 29 Dec 2005: From the second in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"

Clipping: Page A15, National Post, 29 December 2005


Book cover, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"

“Behind the Glory, Canada’s Role in the Allied Air War”, by Ted Barris

Reprinted 2005 by Thomas Allen Publishers, Toronto ISBN 0887622127


Nova Scotia, Hants County: BCATP Stanley Flying School 1941-1944

History of the BCATP Stanley Flying School 1941-1944

by Peter E. Lawson, 30 pages, 2006

I bought my copy at the convenience store in Scotch Village.

Links to Relevant Websites

British Commonwealth
Air Training Plan

The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the BCATP, 1939-1945

by Fred J. Hatch

published 1983 by the Department of National Defence

full text of 242 pages in pdf from DND Department of History and Heritage

http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/docs/Aerodrome_e.pdf


The Great Canadian Air Battle

From the beginning of 1942 to the end of 1944, 831 fatal air accidents
took place in Canada – an average of 23 per month, or five every week.
Each week, at least a dozen airmen died in Canada, an enormous number…
…Canada was…the most dangerous place a pilot could be…
http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo3/no1/doc/65-69-eng.pdf

Stanley Airfield

Stanley airfield, 45°06’02″N 63°55’16″W, is near the village of

Stanley in Hants County, Nova Scotia. It was built by the RAF, and was

operated from March 17, 1941 until January 14, 1944 as part of the

Commonwealth Air Training Plan, as Elementary Flying Training School #17.

Pilots conducted their flight training in Fleet Finches and DeHaviland Tiger Moths.

http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, begun in late 1939,
crews for the air forces of Canada, Britain, Australia and New Zealand
were trained at airfields scattered across Canada. By its finish in 1945,
the plan had trained 131,553 airmen, 55 per cent of them Canadian.

Historians J.L. Granatstein and Desmond Morton in Canada
and the Two World Wars,
published in 2003, describe the British
Commonwealth Air Training Plan as “quite possibly Canada’s major
contribution” to World War Two.

The Globe & Mail, 17 March 2005


Canada’s Yanks
by Hugh A. Halliday, Legion magazine Jul-Aug 2006

…As more BCATP schools opened, the RCAF found itself short of trained pilots.
It began looking for experienced Americans to perform non-combat duties.

This led to the formation of the semi-secret Clayton Knight Committee,
the brainchild of aviation artist Clayton Knight and the RCAF’s Director of
Recruiting, Air Marshal Billy Bishop VC. The committee opened its first
office in New York’s Waldorf Astoria Hotel in the spring of 1940; other bureaus
were established in Spokane, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Dallas, Kansas City,
Cleveland, Atlanta, Memphis and San Antonio. Various devices were used to
create the fiction that the Clayton Knight Committee was a private advisory unit…
About 800 Americans were killed while serving with the RCAF, including 148 in
Canada itself…

http://www.legionmagazine.com/en/index.php/2006/07/canadas-yanks/


History of the BCATP
Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum

http://www.warplane.com/pages/ourstories_bcapt.html


The BCATP
Veterans Affairs Canada

http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/history/secondwar/bcatp


Fleet Air Arm & the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan


http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/RollofHonour/

TrainingCourses/BCATP_index.html


Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum


http://www.airmuseum.ca/


Aircraft of the BCATP
Bomber Command Museum of Canada

http://www.bombercommandmuseum.ca/aircraftbcatp.html


The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
Nanton Lancaster Society

http://www.bombercommandmuseum.ca/bcatp.html


Garden of Memories
BCATP video

On June 6, 1999, the “Garden of Memories” memorial was unveiled in Winnipeg

as a permanent tribute to all those, both civilian and military alike, who trained, and

contributed to the success of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).

http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/v2/hst/page-eng.asp?id=532


743 Squadron BCATP
Shearwater Aviation Museum

http://shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/squadrons/743sqn.htm


Aircraft History: Avro Anson
Shearwater Aviation Museum

http://shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/aircraft/anson.htm


The Harvard 2777
Shearwater Aviation Museum

http://shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/exhibits/harvard.htm


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