Rear Admiral
Leonard Warren Murray

1896 – 1971



Photographs of
Memorial Plaque

Pictou Landing
Pictou County
Nova Scotia

Location: On the south side of Upper Road (Highway 348)
adjacent to the Presbyterian Church

GPS location:   45°39'51"N   62°41'13"W




Each year on the first Sunday in May, Canada's naval community
commemorates those lost at sea during the Second World War.



Admiral Murray

Admiral Murray was born in Granton, Pictou County, Nova Scotia, and educated at Pictou Academy.  He joined the first class of the Royal Naval College of Canada in Halifax in 1910 at the age of 14.  The navy promoted him to lieutenant commander in 1927 and to commander and senior naval officer, Esquimalt, in 1929.  In 1938 he became Canadian director of naval operations and was soon promoted to commodore.  From 1940 to 1941 he commanded HMCS Assiniboine as commodore of the Halifax force.  In 1943 he became Commander-in-Chief North-West Atlantic, responsible for shipping and escorts among North Atlantic ports in Newfoundland, New York, Boston and Iceland.  He held that post until after the war, when he moved to England and became a lawyer specializing in admiralty law.  He died in 1971.
Source: — The Bosun's Call, November 2006
Nova Scotia Naval Officers' Association Newsletter
http://www.nsnoa.ca/BosunsCallStuff/11%20BosunCallNov%2006.pdf


Nova Scotia, Pictou Landing: Admiral Leonard Murray monument

Photographed on 5 May 2003



Nova Scotia, Pictou Landing: Admiral Leonard Murray monument
R.C.N.   Royal Canadian Navy

Photographed on 5 May 2003



Also see:   Admiral Murray memorial at Pictou


Nova Scotia, Pictou Landing: Admiral Leonard Murray monument

Photographed on 10 May 2007



Nova Scotia, Pictou Landing: Admiral Leonard Murray monument

Photographed on 10 May 2007



page 1, Pictou Advocate, 9 May 2007
Pictou Advocate, 9 May 2007
page 1 (above)     page 2 (below)
page 2, Pictou Advocate, 9 May 2007


Stamp: Battle of the Atlantic, officially unveiled 1 May 2005 in Halifax
50¢ stamp commemorating the 60th anniversary of the end of the Battle of the Atlantic,
officially unveiled 1 May 2005 at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax.
2 500 000 of these stamps were printed.



The Battle of the Atlantic

The Battle of the Atlantic which lasted 2,075 days, was the longest campaign of the Second World War.  It pitted Allied navies against German and Italian naval forces, especially submarines, in a battle to safeguard the essential flow of shipping between North America and Europe.

On any given day 125 merchant vessels were sailing in convoy across the North Atlantic.  It was during these treacherous, stormy crossings that Canada's navy matured and won the mantle of a professional service.  Our navy escorted 25,343 merchant vessels across the Atlantic. These ships carried 181,643,180 tons of cargo to Europe – the equivalent of eleven lines of railway freight cars, each stretching from Vancouver to Halifax.  Without these supplies, the war effort would have collapsed.

Although it was largely unprepared for war in 1939, Canada's navy grew at an unparalleled rate, eventually providing 47 percent of all convoy escorts.  Rear Admiral Leonard Murray, Commander-in-Chief North-West Atlantic, who directed convoy battles from Halifax would become the only Canadian to hold an Allied theatre command during the war...

— From the Battle of Atlantic Memorial Service pamphlet
Online source: The Battle of the Atlantic
    http://www.thewrens.com/boatantic_hist.html



Spikenard and her connection with the Crows Nest

...After completing three convoy runs to Iceland, Spikenard was transferred to the Newfoundland Escort Force.  A new system developed by the RN and RCN was to see Canadian vessels escort slow convoys (designated by the SC prefix) from Sydney, Nova Scotia to a mid-ocean point where the escort duties would be turned over to the RN with a final destination of Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

With the fleet based out of St John's, Newfoundland, the first of these Newfie-Derry convoys, SC-67, comprising 22 merchantmen, departed Sydney on February 2, 1942 picking up their escort out of St. John's late in the day.  With the 22 merchantmen arranged in a rectangle of seven columns three or four ships deep, the escorts were arranged with Spikenard (Senior ship; CO LCdr Shadforth) well ahead of the starboard column, with Louisbourg approximately 2000 yards astern.  Three miles back, Dauphin kept station well behind the convoy to the starboard side while the same arrangement was mirrored down the port side with Chilliwack in the lead position followed by Lethbridge and finally Shediac trailing astern of the convoy with Dauphin.

This, February 10, was the last night of their escort duties and the convoy was to be turned over to an RN escort the following morning.  At around 10:30 p.m. on that dark, windy, moonless night however, fate would deal a lethal blow as three explosions in rapid succession lit up the sky.  The convoy had sailed into two German U-boats, which had been lying in wait: U-591 and U-136.

Immediately it was ascertained that the Norwegian tanker Heina in the extreme starboard column was hit and though the second and third explosions could not be pinpointed, all escorts made hard turns to head up the torpedo tracks in an attempt to track the U-boats on their asdic.  Unbeknownst to the crews of the other five escorts, Spikenard had been hit between her bridge and fo'c'sle; so severe was the damage that she sank within five minutes.

Not wanting to give away their positions, none of the ships risked a wireless signal, which would allow one of the U-boats to zero in on the sender's position.  It was not until the early light of the morning of February 11 that the escort group realized Spikenard was no longer with them.  This, in itself caused no immediate concern as it quite possible she had raced ahead to contact the waiting RN escort to assist in hunting the U-boats. Unfortunately, when the convoy reached their waiting RN escort, Spikenard was nowhere to be seen.

The RN corvette HMS Gentian was detached to race down the convoy's track and late in the afternoon of February 11, her lookouts sighted a carley float with just eight survivors clinging to life.  (Originally, the liferaft held ten people but two succumbed to the cold and injuries and were committed to the sea.) These eight were landed when the ship reached Liverpool, England. In all, 57 of Spikenard's crew were lost including her Captain, LCdr Hubert C Shadforth...

— From Trident v41 i5
Trident is the newspaper of Maritime Forces Atlantic
Online source: Spikenard and her connection with the Crows Nest
    http://www.tridentnews.ca/InHistory.asp




In order to encourage the captains of the merchant ships of
all countries which carried the lifeblood of the United Kingdom,
I made it a point to attend the briefing conference of all captains
and chief engineers before their departure. During the winter of
'42-'43, when sinkings were at their worst, I could see when
I told them of the measures by escort and air cover that were
being taken for their protection and safety; I could see that
they knew very well and that they knew I knew in spite of
my brave words, that anything up to 25 per cent of them would
probably not arrive in the U.K. in their own ships, and that
probably half of that number would not arrive in the U.K. at all.
But there was never a waver in their resolve.
— Admiral Leonard Murray, RCN

Online source: The Merchant Navy of Canada
    http://www.junobeach.org/e/4/can-tac-mer-e.htm



Links to Relevant Websites


Admiral L.W. Murray
    http://www.junobeach.org/e/3/can-pep-can-murray-e.htm


The Royal Canadian Navy and the Battle of the Atlantic, 1939-1945
by the Canadian War Museum
    http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/disp/dis007_e.html


The Battle of the Atlantic
Canadian Newspapers in the Second World War
by the Canadian War Museum
    http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/newspapers/operations/atlantic_e.html


Photograph of Admiral Murray with Winston Churchill
    http://www.parl.ns.ca/cenotaph/winstonchurchhill.jpg


Leonard W. Murray Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_W._Murray


Canadian Northwest Atlantic Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Northwest_Atlantic


Admiral Leonard Warren Murray: A War, Peace & Security Bibliography
Canadian Forces College
    http://wps.cfc.forces.gc.ca/en/bibliographies/bib/view.php?bibId=186


Rear-Admiral L.W. Murray Monument Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
    http://www.parl.ns.ca/cenotaph/pictoulanding.htm


Rear-Admiral L.W. Murray Monument (2) Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
    http://www.parl.ns.ca/cenotaph/pictoulanding2.htm


Victory in Europe: 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition
The Halifax Daily News, 8 May 2005
    http://www.holidaymedia.ca/transcontinental/
          documents/1/VE%20Day%20May%208,%202005.pdf


Naval History Articles by Robert C. Fisher
    http://www.familyheritage.ca/articles1.html


Canadian WWII Merchant Ship Losses by the Naval Museum of Manitoba
    http://www.naval-museum.mb.ca/merch/mership.htm


Books

Seven Sailors by Commander Kenneth Edwards
Biographies of seven great Royal Navy commanders:
Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay,
Captain William Agnew,
Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser,
Rear Admiral Leonard Murray,
Captain Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke,
Vice Admiral Sir Edward Neville Syfret, and
Rear Admiral Thomase Hope Troubridge.
255 pages, published 1945 in London, England

U-boats Against Canada: German Submarines in Canadian Waters
by Michael Hadley, 362 pages
published 1990 by McGill-Queen's University Press





Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Admiral Leonard Murray memorial Admiral Leonard Murray memorial Pictou
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/murraymemorial.html


Sailor's Statue, Sackville Landing Sailor's Statue, Sackville Landing Halifax
    http://ns1763.ca/hfxrm/sailor-statue.html


Walmsley Lodge 1785 monument Walmsley Lodge 1785 monument Pictou Landing
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/masonic1st.html


Little Harbour: 82nd Regiment 1779-1783, plaque 82nd Regiment 1779-1783, plaque Little Harbour
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/littlehbrm.html


New Glasgow: Westray Miners Memorial Park Westray Miners Memorial Park New Glasgow
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/westraymem.html


Westville: Miners Memorial monument 1891 Miners Memorial monument 1891 Westville
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/westvminem.html


Trenton: Workers Monument Workers Monument Trenton
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/trentwrkm.html


Stellarton: Sobeys Industrial Monument Sobeys Industrial Monument Stellarton
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/sobeyindmon.html


New Glasgow: War memorial monument New Glasgow war memorial New Glasgow
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/newglaswar.html


New Glasgow: Pictou Highlanders obelisk Pictou Highlanders obelisk New Glasgow
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/picthighlanders.html


Stellarton war memorial Stellarton war memorial Stellarton
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/stellarwar.html


Westville war memorial Westville war memorial Westville
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/westwarmem.html


Stellarton WW1 memorial plaque Stellarton WW1 memorial plaque Stellarton
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/stellarplqww1.html


Pictou County Acadians, River John Pictou County Acadians, 1700s River John
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/rjohn-pcacc.html


Pictou County Acadians, Caribou Island Pictou County Acadians, 1700s Caribou Island
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/caribacadsign.html


Caribou Island war memorial Baird Family memorial Caribou Island
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/caribouwarm.html


River John: War memorial monument River John war memorial River John
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/riverjohn.html


River John: Legion Remembrance Gardens Legion Remembrance Gardens River John
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/rijohnrg.html


Pictou: Dawson plaques Dawson plaques Pictou
    http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/dawsonplqs.html


Antigonish Memorial Field Memorial Field Antigonish
    http://ns1763.ca/antgnco/antigonishwwtwo.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   Home Page
    http://ns1763.ca/index.html



First uploaded to the WWW:   2003 November 07
Stamp image installed:   2005 June 06
New photographs installed:   2007 May 13
Latest update:   2008 March 20