Captain Savalette

1565


Photographs of
Plaque

Charlos Cove
Guysborough County
Nova Scotia

Located on the north side of Highway 316
about 3.1 km eastward from Charlos Cove.


GPS location:   45°15'32"N   61°17'52"W
Google map




Captain Savalette: historical plaque

Captain Savalette: historical plaque
Plaque date 1949


Captain Savalette: historical plaque


Captain Savalette: historical plaque


Captain Savalette: historical plaque


The photographs above and below were taken on 16 August 2005.




Geodetic Survey benchmark, installed 1906

Geodetic Survey benchmark, installed in 1906.


Location of the Geodetic Survey benchmark, installed 1906

The location of the Geodetic Survey benchmark
can be seen directly below the plaque, near the ground.
It was installed here in 1906, 43 years before the plaque.





Also the following passage from Lescarbot will show how much the neighboring coasts were frequented by Europeans in the sixteenth century.  Speaking of his return from Port Royal to France in 1607, he says: "At last, within four leagues of Campseau [the Gut of Canso], we arrived at a harbor [in Nova Scotia], where a worthy old gentleman from St. John de Lus, named Captain Savalet, was fishing, who received us with the utmost courtesy.  And as this harbor, which is small, but very good, has no name, I have given it on my geographical chart the name of Savalet.  [It is on Champlain's map also.]  This worthy man told us that this voyage was the forty-second which he had made to those parts, and yet the Newfoundlanders [Terre neuviers] make only one a year.  He was wonderfully content with his fishery, and informed us that he made daily fifty crowns' worth of cod, and that his voyage would be worth ten thousand francs.  He had sixteen men in his employ; and his vessel was of eighty tons, which could carry a hundred thousand dry cod."  (Histoire de la Nouvelle France, 1612.)  They dried their fish on the rocks on shore.
Henry David Thoreau in his 1865 book Cape Cod
Cape Cod Appendix B: Historical Notes for Chapter 10 (note 20)





Links to Relevant Websites
Captain Savalette

Alternate spelling
Captain Savalet

History of Grassy
...The fishery on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland was called the
"wet" fishery method.  This meant catching the fish, then cleaning,
salting, and transfering them to the hold of a ship.  Once the hold
was filled, the ship and crew would travel back to their home country
to sell the fish.  As time progressed it became very difficult to meet
the large salt requirements of the wet fishery.  They eventually had
to rely on other technigues, in particular the "dry" fishing method.
This method required less salt because the fish were dried in the
sun and air.  French fishermen tended to use the cobblestoned
beaches to dry their fish, whereas English fishermen built fish
flakes to dry their fish...
    http://epe.lac-bac.gc.ca/100/205/301/ic/cdc/archaeology/
          second/history/fishery/1600his.html


Cape Cod: Historical Notes for Chapter 10 by Henry David Thoreau
..."At last, within four leagues of Campseau [the Gut of Canso],
we arrived at a harbor [in Nova Scotia], where a worthy old gentleman
from St. John de Lus, named Captain Savalet, was fishing, who
received us with the utmost courtesy.  And as this harbor, which
is small, but very good, has no name, I have given it on my
geographical chart the name of Savalet.  [It is on Champlain's
map also.]  This worthy man told us that this voyage was the
forty-second which he had made to those parts, and yet the
Newfoundlanders [Terre neuviers] make only one a year.
He was wonderfully content with his fishery, and informed us
that he made daily fifty crowns' worth of cod, and that his
voyage would be worth ten thousand francs.  He had sixteen men
in his employ; and his vessel was of eighty tons, which could
carry a hundred thousand dry cod." (Histoire de la Nouvelle
France, 1612.)  They dried their fish on the rocks on shore...
    http://eserver.org/thoreau/capecdab.html


North West Atlantic Exploration in the 15th and 16th Centuries
by Peter Pope
Final Report for the Nova Scotia Department of Tourism and Culture
...We have some specific information about one Basque fishing
master, a Captain Savalet, whom Marc Lescarbot met
(at White Haven?) a few miles from Canso in 1607.  Lescarbot
reported: ...we arrived within four leagues of Canso, at a harbour
where a fine old sailor from St. Jean de Luz, named Captain Savalet,
was fishing...  This worthy man told us that that voyage was his
forty-second to these parts, and one must remember that these
Newfoundlanders make but one [voyage] a year.  He was wonderous
content with his fishing, and told us that he caught daily a
good fifty crowns' worth of cod, and that his voyage was worth
to him ten thousand francs.  He had sixteen men in his employ,
and his vessel was of eighty tons' burden, and able to carry
one hundred thousand dry fish...
    http://www.matthew.co.uk/history/exploration2.html


Cape Breton in Transition ... Prospects for Tourism
...Canso has a lengthy history.  European fishermen were
familiar with the Canso area by the latter part of the 16th century.
Marc Lescarbot, Champlain's contemporary, met a Basque
fisherman at Whitehaven, near Canso, in 1607.  The Basque,
a Captain Savalet, claimed that he had already made 42 voyages
to the area.  Lescarbot and his companions encountered other
fishermen there as well, from St. Malo and the Basque region
of France.  In addition to their fishing activities, the Basques
also traded for furs with the Mi'kmaq.  Savalet himself
mentioned encounters with Native people in the area...
    http://fortress.uccb.ns.ca/search/Proc95_10.htm


Tor Bay Acadian Society
La Societe des Acadiens de la Region de Tor Baie
The First Annual Festival Savalette will be held August 4-7, 2005
in Larry's River, Guysborough County.  Captain Savalette was a
fisherman from St. Jean De Luz, France, who used the shores
and islands of Tor Bay to carry out his viable fishery by catching
and drying his fish here during the 1500s and 1600s.  He carried
on his trade for many years from 1565 onward.  Savalette used
the Sugar Islands near Cole Harbour to prepare his fish for
transport before setting out for France.

It is said that Captain Savalette made forty-two voyages to
these parts and hosted many European fishermen and traders
who stopped by for advice, and more importantly, some rest.
Among the well-known visitors were Samuel de Champlain,
Marc LesCarbot, and Nicholas Denys.  Visitors were so well
received and treated by Savalette and his men, that much was
written about their hospitality and knowledge of these dangerous
waters and they provided valuable information that became used
in the mapping of this region.  Therefore, Port Savalette, later to
be named Tor Bay, has a rich history of hospitality that can be
traced to the days of Capitaine Savalette, after whom our
Festival has been named.
2005: First Annual Savalette Festival page 17,
Municipality of the District of Guysborough Summer Newsletter 2005
    http://www.municipality.guysborough.ns.ca/pdfs/
          summernewsletter2005.PDF


2005: First Annual Savalette Festival
by La Societe De La Region Du Tour Baie Acadians
    http://www.municipality.guysborough.ns.ca/acadian.htm


Geodetic Survey

Geodetic Survey Division
    http://www.geod.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e/index_e.html







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Charlos Cove historical plaque Charlos Cove historical plaque, 1763 Charlos Cove
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/charloshist.html


Charlos Cove war memorial Charlos Cove war memorial Charlos Cove
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/charloswarmem.html


Canso & Hazel Hill war memorial Canso & Hazel Hill war memorial Canso
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/cansowar.html


Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park Hazel Hill
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/cableparkmunic.html


Commercial Cable Company telegraph office Commercial Cable Company telegraph office Hazel Hill
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/commcable.html


Grassy Island historic site Grassy Island historic site, 1744 Canso Harbour
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/grassyisland.html


New Harbour war memorial New Harbour war memorial New Harbour
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/newhbrm.html


Country Harbour Loyalist Trail Waterside Site Country Harbour Loyalist Trail, Waterside Site Stormont
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/loyalistchw.html


Country Harbour Loyalist Trail Roadside Park Country Harbour Loyalist Trail, Roadside Park Stormont
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/loyalistchr.html


Goldboro war memorial Goldboro war memorial Goldboro
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/goldborom.html


Cross Roads Country Harbour war memorial Cross Roads Country Harbour war memorial Cross Roads Country Harbour
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/crossroads-ch.html


St. Mary's Municipality war memorial St. Mary's Municipality war memorial Sherbrooke
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/sherbrooke.html


Sherbrooke Presbyterian Church honour roll Presbyterian Church honour roll Sherbrooke
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/honourroll-sher.html


Spanish Ship Bay war memorial Spanish Ship Bay war memorial Spanish Ship Bay
    http://ns1763.ca/guysbco/spanbay.html


D'Escousse war memorial D'Escousse war memorial D'Escousse
    http://ns1763.ca/richmco/descoussewarm.html


Antigonish Memorial Field Memorial Field Antigonish
    http://ns1763.ca/antgnco/antigonishwwtwo.html


Colin Chisholm Park Colin Chisholm Park Antigonish
    http://ns1763.ca/antgnco/chisholmpark.html


Sampsonville centennial plaque Samsonville centennial plaque Sampsonville
    http://ns1763.ca/richmco/sampsonville.html


Moose River Gold Mine Moose River Gold Mine collapse Moose River Gold Mines
    http://ns1763.ca/hfxrm/moosegoldm.html


Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave
    http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/lahavefpm.html


Morden: French Cross monument French Cross monument Morden
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/frenchcross.html


Falmouth: Sainte-Famille Parish Cemetery Sainte-Famille Parish Cemetery Falmouth
    http://ns1763.ca/hantsco/acadnfalm.html


Iron Cross monument Iron Cross monument Horton Landing
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/ironcross.html


Monument: Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill monument LeQuille
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/lequille.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 August 21
Added Google Map link:   2007 December 12
Latest update:   2009 July 19