Commonwealth
Air Training Plan

1940 – 1945


The Most Costly Air Battle in Canadian History

The Great Canadian Air Battle
It is easy to forget certain things about the war.  When we consider
Canada's participation in the Second World War, we understandably
think about the ordeals of Hong Kong and Dieppe, the difficult battles
in Italy, the spectacular landing on 6 June 1944, and the long campaign
to reclaim Europe that followed.  The contributions of Canadian pilots to
the Battle of Britain, and of the Royal Canadian Navy to the victory in the
Atlantic, are also remembered.  However, all too often, we forget that the
war was also taking place on Canadian soil.  In fact, during the early years
of the conflict, it was mostly in Canada that the war found its victims:
over 1,000 airmen had already lost their lives on Canadian bases
before the raid on Dieppe was launched in August 1942.  From the
beginning of 1942 to the end of 1944, 831 fatal air accidents took
place in Canada – an average of 23 per month, or five every week.
Each week, at least a dozen airmen died in Canada, an enormous number...
During the first years of the war, Canada was
the most dangerous place a pilot could be...

The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
and RCAF Fatalities During the Second World War
by Dr. Jean Martin
Canadian Military Journal, Spring 2002
    http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo3/no1/doc/65-69-eng.pdf



Photographs of Memorial
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Middleton
Annapolis County
Nova Scotia

This BCATP memorial is located in the churchyard
at Old Holy Trinity Church, Middleton, Nova Scotia,

on Highway One, about 1.7 km west from the Middleton Post Office.


GPS location:   44°56'03"N   65°05'10"W
Google map




Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, view looking north

Photographed on 28 July 2003



Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, south face
South face (above)     North face (below)
Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, north face

Photographed on 4 October 2002



Also see:   Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, Kingston


Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, looking southwest

Photographed at 6:11am on 13 June 2003



Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, looking northwest

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, looking north

Photographed on 13 June 2003






BCATP Pennant
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Located in the Aviation Museum at CFB Greenwood



Greenwood Military Aviation Museum

CFB Greenwood Aviation Museum


BCATP pennant

Photographed on 2 June 2003



BCATP pennant

Photographed on 2 June 2003



CFB Greenwood was established in 1942 as a Royal Air Force Station
as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).
The BCATP was a plan to expand all Commonwealth air forces.
Greenwood was used as a training base during WW2.





British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

In three consecutive issues, the National Post
used three full pages (no space taken for ads)
for excerpts from the recently re-published book
Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War
by Ted Barris

National Post clipping, 28 Dec 2005: British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
Clipping: Page A15, National Post, 28 December 2005


National Post clipping, 28 Dec 2005: The first in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"
Introduction – first excerpt: Page A15, National Post, 28 December 2005


National Post clipping, 29 Dec 2005: The second in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"
Introduction – second excerpt: Page A15, National Post, 29 December 2005


National Post clipping, 30 Dec 2005: The third in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"
Introduction – third excerpt: Page A15, National Post, 30 December 2005


National Post clipping, 29 Dec 2005: From the second in a three-part excerpt from Ted Barris's book, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"
Clipping: Page A15, National Post, 29 December 2005


Book cover, "Behind The Glory: Canada's Role in the Allied Air War"
"Behind the Glory, Canada's Role in the Allied Air War", by Ted Barris
Reprinted 2005 by Thomas Allen Publishers, Toronto     ISBN 0887622127


Nova Scotia, Hants County: BCATP Stanley Flying School 1941-1944
History of the BCATP Stanley Flying School 1941-1944
by Peter E. Lawson, 30 pages, 2006

I bought my copy at the convenience store in Scotch Village.






Links to Relevant Websites
British Commonwealth
Air Training Plan

The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the BCATP, 1939-1945
by Fred J. Hatch
published 1983 by the Department of National Defence
full text of 242 pages in pdf from DND Department of History and Heritage
    http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/docs/Aerodrome_e.pdf


The Wayback Machine has archived copies of
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Archived: 2005 November 29
http://web.archive.org/web/20051129091105/http://www.rcaf.com/bcatp/

Archived: 2005 December 25
http://web.archive.org/web/20051225040756/http://www.rcaf.com/bcatp/

Archived: 2006 January 12
http://web.archive.org/web/20060112192136/http://www.rcaf.com/bcatp/

Archived: 2006 February 07
http://web.archive.org/web/20060207092304/http://www.rcaf.com/bcatp/

Archived: 2006 May 21
http://web.archive.org/web/20060521041455/http://www.rcaf.com/archives/
    archives_features/bcatp/index.htm

Archived: 2006 October 17
http://web.archive.org/web/20061017090805/http://www.rcaf.com/archives/
    archives_features/bcatp/index.htm

Archived: 2007 October 21
http://web.archive.org/web/20071021182955/http://rcaf.com/archives/
    archives_features/bcatp/index.htm

Archived: 2008 May 17
http://web.archive.org/web/20080517031124/http://www.rcaf.com/archives/
    archives_features/bcatp/index.htm



The Great Canadian Air Battle
From the beginning of 1942 to the end of 1944, 831 fatal air accidents
took place in Canada – an average of 23 per month, or five every week.
Each week, at least a dozen airmen died in Canada, an enormous number...
...Canada was...the most dangerous place a pilot could be...
    http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo3/no1/doc/65-69-eng.pdf

The Wayback Machine has archived copies of
The Great Canadian Air Battle
by Dr. Jean Martin
Directorate of History and Heritage
Department of National Defence, Ottawa

Archived: 2002 July 03
http://web.archive.org/web/20020703215129/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    vol3/no1_e/history_e/history1_e.html

Archived: 2002 August 04
http://web.archive.org/web/20020804143632/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    vol3/no1_e/history_e/history1_e.html

Archived: 2002 October 20
http://web.archive.org/web/20021020200318/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    vol3/no1_e/history_e/history1_e.html

Archived: 2003 Jul 02         PDF
http://web.archive.org/web/20030702061047/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf

Archived: 2005 Dec 28         PDF
http://web.archive.org/web/20051228123344/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf

Archived: 2006 Apr 25         PDF
http://web.archive.org/web/20060425090104/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf

Archived: 2006 Sep 02         PDF
http://web.archive.org/web/20060902104239/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf

Archived: 2006 Dec 08         PDF
http://web.archive.org/web/20061208155332/http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/
    engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf



Stanley Airfield
Stanley airfield, 45°06'02"N 63°55'16"W, is near the village of
Stanley in Hants County, Nova Scotia. It was built by the RAF, and was
operated from March 17, 1941 until January 14, 1944 as part of the
Commonwealth Air Training Plan, as Elementary Flying Training School #17.
Pilots conducted their flight training in Fleet Finches and DeHaviland Tiger Moths.
    http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

The Wayback Machine has archived copies of this webpage:
Stanley Airfield

Archived: 1999 February 19
http://replay.web.archive.org/19990219233251/http://chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2000 November 18
http://replay.web.archive.org/200011181346/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2001 April 15
http://replay.web.archive.org/20010415001944/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2002 August 06
http://replay.web.archive.org/20020806084554/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2003 June 24
http://replay.web.archive.org/20030624152209/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2004 October 30
http://replay.web.archive.org/20041030180151/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2005 September 20
http://replay.web.archive.org/20050920112753/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2006 December 05
http://replay.web.archive.org/20061205212747/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html

Archived: 2007 June 22
http://replay.web.archive.org/20070622222127/http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/BSC/stanhist.html



Under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, begun in late 1939,
crews for the air forces of Canada, Britain, Australia and New Zealand
were trained at airfields scattered across Canada.  By its finish in 1945,
the plan had trained 131,553 airmen, 55 per cent of them Canadian.

Historians J.L. Granatstein and Desmond Morton in Canada
and the Two World Wars,
published in 2003, describe the British
Commonwealth Air Training Plan as "quite possibly Canada's major
contribution" to World War Two.

The Globe & Mail, 17 March 2005

Canada's Yanks by Hugh A. Halliday, Legion magazine Jul-Aug 2006
...As more BCATP schools opened, the RCAF found itself short of trained pilots.
It began looking for experienced Americans to perform non-combat duties.
This led to the formation of the semi-secret Clayton Knight Committee,
the brainchild of aviation artist Clayton Knight and the RCAF's Director of
Recruiting, Air Marshal Billy Bishop VC.  The committee opened its first
office in New York's Waldorf Astoria Hotel in the spring of 1940; other bureaus
were established in Spokane, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Dallas, Kansas City,
Cleveland, Atlanta, Memphis and San Antonio.  Various devices were used to
create the fiction that the Clayton Knight Committee was a private advisory unit...
About 800 Americans were killed while serving with the RCAF, including 148 in
Canada itself...
    http://www.legionmagazine.com/en/index.php/2006/07/canadas-yanks/


History of the BCATP Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum
    http://www.warplane.com/pages/ourstories_bcapt.html


The BCATP Veterans Affairs Canada
    http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/history/secondwar/bcatp


Fleet Air Arm & the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
    http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/RollofHonour/
          TrainingCourses/BCATP_index.html


Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum
    http://www.airmuseum.ca/


Aircraft of the BCATP Bomber Command Museum of Canada
    http://www.bombercommandmuseum.ca/aircraftbcatp.html


The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan Nanton Lancaster Society
    http://www.bombercommandmuseum.ca/bcatp.html


Garden of Memories BCATP video
On June 6, 1999, the "Garden of Memories" memorial was unveiled in Winnipeg
as a permanent tribute to all those, both civilian and military alike, who trained, and
contributed to the success of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).
    http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/v2/hst/page-eng.asp?id=532


743 Squadron BCATP Shearwater Aviation Museum
    http://shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/squadrons/743sqn.htm


Aircraft History: Avro Anson Shearwater Aviation Museum
    http://shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/aircraft/anson.htm


The Harvard 2777 Shearwater Aviation Museum
    http://shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/exhibits/harvard.htm


The Wayback Machine has archived copies of this document:
The BCATP
(author not known)

Archived: 1997 June 14
http://web.archive.org/web/19970614141733/http://www.ualberta.ca/EDMONTON/
    CONTRIB/airmuseum/aambcatp.html

Archived: 1999 September 22
http://web.archive.org/web/19990922081255/http://www.ualberta.ca/EDMONTON/
    CONTRIB/airmuseum/aambcatp.html

Archived: 2000 August 19
http://web.archive.org/web/20000819012835/http://www.ualberta.ca/EDMONTON/
    CONTRIB/airmuseum/aambcatp.html

Archived: 2001 February 09
http://web.archive.org/web/20010209075354/http://www.ualberta.ca/EDMONTON/
    CONTRIB/airmuseum/aambcatp.html

Archived: 2002 June 06
http://web.archive.org/web/20020606031137/http://www.ualberta.ca/EDMONTON/
    CONTRIB/airmuseum/aambcatp.html







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Kingston: Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial Commonwealth Air Training Plan memorial, 1940-1945 Kingston
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/bcatprc.html


Veterans Lane military memorial Veterans Lane military memorial Kingston
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/veteranslane.html


North Mountain airplane crash memorial North Mountain airplane crash memorial Brow of Mountain
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/browmtn.html


Sheffield Mills war memorial Sheffield Mills war memorial Sheffield Mills
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/sheffieldmills.html


Wolfville war memorial Wolfville war memorial Wolfville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/wolfmem.html


Canning war memorial Canning war memorial Canning
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/cannmem.html


New Ross war memorial New Ross war memorial New Ross
    http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/rossmem.html


Springfield war memorial Springfield war memorial Springfield
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/springfld.html


New Germany war memorial New Germany war memorial New Germany
    http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/newgermanym.html


Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bridgetownm.html


Bear River war memorial Bear River war memorial Bear River
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bearriverm.html


Smiths Cove war memorial Smiths Cove war memorial Smiths Cove
    http://ns1763.ca/digbyco/smithscovem.html


Clementsport war memorial Clementsport war memorial Clementsport
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/clemport.html


Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/clemvalem.html


Kentville Legion war memorial Kentville Legion war memorial Kentville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/kentlegion.html


Kentville Memorial Park Kentville Memorial Park Kentville
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/kentmem.html


Fort Anne bronze cannon Fort Anne bronze cannon Annapolis Royal
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/annebroncann.html


Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 Port Royal
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/portroyal.html


Scotch Fort 1629 monument Scotch Fort 1629-1632 monument Port Royal
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/scotchfort.html


1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express monument 1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express Monument Victoria Beach
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/ponyexmon.html


Berwick war memorial Berwick war memorial Berwick
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/berwickwar.html


Alfred Fuller Memorial Alfred Fuller memorial Somerset
    http://ns1763.ca/kingsco/fullermon.html


Rawding Captains monument Rawding Captains monument Clementsport
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/rawdingm.html


Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Clementsport
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/annironm.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   Home Page
    http://ns1763.ca/index.html


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First uploaded to the WWW:   2002 October 05
Better photographs installed:   2003 November 05
BCATP Pennant installed:   2003 November 10
Better photograph installed:   2003 December 11
National Post clippings installed:   2006 January 01
Stanley Flying School (booklet) added:   2007 May 14
Added Google Map link:   2007 December 17
Latest update:   2013 August 20