Annapolis Iron
Mining Company

1825 – 1863


Photographs of
Monument

Clementsport
Annapolis County
Nova Scotia


Located on the north side of Highway One,
about 10m west from the Moose River bridge

GPS location:   44°39'39"N   65°36'16"W
Google map showing this location


Two historic monuments, Clementsport
Two historic monuments at Clementsport
Photographed on 6 October 2002


Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument, Clementsport
Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument (above)
Annapolis Iron Mining Company plaque (below)
Annapolis Iron Mining Company plaque, Clementsport
Operations started in 1825
and terminated in 1863.
Photographed on 6 October 2002

Thanks to Mrs. Hannelore Fisher.


Clementsport historic monuments adjacent to temporary bridge
carrying Highway One over the Moose River, installed
after the flood of 31 March 2003 Photographed on 13 June 2003
Two historic monuments, Clementsport
Two historic monuments, Clementsport


Clementsport historic monuments adjacent to replacement bridge
carrying Highway One over the Moose River, installed
after the flood of 31 March 2003 Photographed on 29 December 2003
Two historic monuments, Clementsport
"A large and  handsome  stone  bridge  has lately been
built  across  the  river,  at  the  joint  expense  of  the
(Annapolis Iron Mining) Company and the Province..."
—Thomas C. Haliburton, 1829:163-164

Clementsport: old Moose River bridge, now walled shut
Clementsport: new Moose River bridge


Clementsport: map showing Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument location
Map showing the location of the
Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument
Clementsport, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia
Roads are shown as they were in 1978.  Except for Highway 101, the
layout of the roads in 2013 has not changed much from that shown here.






Annapolis Iron Mining Company

In the village of Clementsport, Annapolis County, in the 1820s "a company was formed under the auspices of two American men, for the working of the valuable iron mines in the neighbourhood.  Smelting furnaces were constructed and coalsheds and other buildings" necessary for their business were erected.  "The beds of iron ore which they worked are situated to the southward of the village, and at a distance of about three miles five kilomteres from it."  Moses Shaw (senior) of Clementsport was instrumental in setting up the Annapolis Iron Mining Company which was incorporated in 1826.

Iron ore was transported from the quarry along a railway built with maple rails, to the furnace at the mouth of the Moose River.  Stoves and iron hollow-ware (pots, kettles, etc.) were cast in the foundry nearby.  Power was provided from an undershot water wheel.  Local farmers made charcoal and sold it to the company for use in the blast furnace.  The dam wall and archway remain as part of our present-day (2000) road bridge.

The trip hammer used for crushing the ore can be seen at the parking lot by the bridge (the old village square).  Many acres of land granted to Loyalist settlers in Clements Township only about forty years earlier, in 1784, along with ungranted land were bought and used for the mining of ore and manufacturing.  L.V. Shaw, Moses Shaw's grandson, has written about this rather important and interesting episode in the history of Clements.

[Digby Courier, 14 June 2000]
The above was excerpted from a report in the Digby Courier of a meeting of the
Upper Clements Historical Society held on May 4th, 2000. The quotes are from
The History of the County of Annapolis, by W.A. Calnek, published in 1897.





Annapolis Iron Mining Company

Relevant Acts and Proceedings of the Legislature
by the Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions (CIHM)

Chapter One, 1825   VIII: And be it further enacted, That there be granted and paid the sum of Six Hundred Pounds to the first Adventurer or Adventurers, or Body Corporate, who shall erect a good and sufficient Furnace or Furnaces, Refinery and Forge, with proper Machinery, in this Province, at which there shall be manufactured and made, within six years, One Hundred and Fifty Tons of good Hollow Ware. And also, a further sum of Six Hundred Pounds to such Adventurer or Adventurers, or Body Corporate, when, by a Forge, established at or near to such Furnace, they shall have made and refined, from Ore of this Province, at the said Furnace, One Hundred Tons of Bar Iron of a merchantable quality.
— Excerpted from Chapter One, An Act for applying certain Monies, therein mentioned, for the service of the year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Five...
— Enacted at the General Assembly of the Province of Nova-Scotia, begun and holden at Halifax, on Tuesday the Fifteenth day of February, 1825, in the Sixth Year of the reign of our Sovreign Lord George the Fourth ... being the Fifth Session of the Twelfth General Assembly, convened in the said Province.
Source: Page 207 of The statutes at large passed in the several general assemblies held in His Majesty's province of Nova-Scotia: from the year 1817 to the year 1826, inclusive with an index and table of the laws, expired, repealed, executed, and disallowed, during the above period
by William Hill and W.B. Bliss, 309 pages
published 1827 by J. Howe, Halifax, Nova Scotia
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=d9423ea91f&display=9_01132+0211

CIHM 01132




The Annapolis Iron Mining Company was established and incorporated in the year 1825; they have erected extensive iron works on the Moose River, which falls into the Annapolis Basin, where they manufacture hollow ware and bar iron of very superior quality. As there is no coal discovered in this part of the province, charcoal is used in those works, of which the neighbouring forests afford an inexhaustable supply.
Source: Page 50 of: The British dominions in North America, or, A topographical and statistical description of the provinces of Lower and Upper Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Islands of Newfoundland, Prince Edward, and Cape Breton: including considerations on land-granting and emigration: to which are annexed, statistical tables and tables of distances, &c.
by Joseph Bouchette (1774-1841), 324 pages
published 1831 by H. Colburn and R. Bentley, London
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=43b9fc877e&display=42808+0065

CIHM 42808




Chapter 6, 1826: Act of Incorporation of the Annapolis Iron Mining Company
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=d9423ea91f&display=9_01132+0255

CIHM 01132




A Petition of the Annapolis Iron Mining Company was presented by Mr. Haliburton, and read, praying aid in the completion of the Bridge at Moose river, and pecuniary assistance in furtherance of the objects of their Establishment.
Source: Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly, 1829
24 February 1829, page 395
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=f639283865&display=9_00946_77+0042

CIHM 00946




The Petition of the Iron Mining Company, praying remuneration in part for their extraordinary Outlay at Moose River Bridge and road, was read; and thereupon, Mr. Haliburton moved, that the Petition be referred to the Committee of Supply: which, being seconded and put, and the House dividing thereon, there appeared for the motion, Twenty; against it, Twelve: So it passed in the affirmative, and the Petition was referred to the Committee of Supply.
Source: Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly, 1829
12 March 1829, page 446
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=f639283865&display=9_00946_77+0093

CIHM 00946




Resolved: That it is the opinion of this Committee (of Supply), that the sum of Two Hundred and Eighteen Pounds Nineteen Shillings and Three Pence should be granted and paid to the Annapolis Iron Mining Company, as a compensation for work and labour done, by the order of said Company, on the main road at Moose River...
The said resolutions were then severally put, and agreed to by the House.
Source: Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly, 1829
20 March 1829, page 469
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=f639283865&display=9_00946_77+0117

CIHM 00946




A Message from the Council, by Mr. Hill:
Mr. Speaker,
The Council have agreed to Ten Resolutions of this House for granting the following sums:
...
£218 19 3 to the Annapolis Iron Mining Company.
...
Source: Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly, 1829
25 March 1829, pages 486-487
    http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?id=f639283865&display=9_00946_77+0139

CIHM 00946

[“£218 19 3”  is read as:  “218 pounds 19 shillings 3 pence”]






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Fort Anne bronze cannon Fort Anne bronze cannon Annapolis Royal
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Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2002 October 19
Additional historical content installed:   2003 April 19
New photographs installed:   2003 December 14
New photographs installed:   2004 March 25
Added Google Map link:  2012 November 25
Latest update:   2013 August 21