Port Royal Habitation

1605 – 1613

Second-oldest European settlement in North America

Date of first settlement
♦ 1565   St. Augustine, Florida
♦ 1605   Port Royal, Nova Scotia
♦ pre-1607   Advocate, Nova Scotia
♦ 1607   Jamestown, Virginia
♦ 1608   Quebec City, Quebec
♦ 1620   Plymouth, Massachusetts
Port Royal, 1605, is counted as the second oldest
permanent (continuously-occupied) European settlement
on the North American continent after St. Augustine,
Florida, which was settled by Spain in 1565.


Photographs of
Historic Site

Port Royal
Annapolis County
Nova Scotia

GPS location:   44°42'43"N   65°36'32"W
Google map




Port Royal Habitation National Historic Site

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Plaque at the Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 historic site

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Plaques at the Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 historic site

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Plaque at the Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 historic site

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Port Royal 400th anniversary commemorative stamp, 2005

Port Royal 400th anniversary commemorative stamp, 2005







Membertou

Plaque at the Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 historic site

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Plaque at the Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 historic site

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Map showing the location of the Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 historic site
Map showing the location of the Port Royal Habitation
historic site, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia.

Roads are shown as they were in 1978.  Except for Highway 101, the
layout of the roads in 2013 has not changed much from that shown here.






...Then as the season [summer 1604] waned the vessels, which linked them to the world they had left, unfurled their sails and set out for France.  Seventy-nine men remained at St. Croix, among them De Monts and Champlain.  In the vast solitude of forest they settled down for the winter, [1604-05] which was destined to be full of horrors.  By spring thirty-five of the company had died of scurvy and twenty more were at the point of death.  Evidently St. Croix was not a good place for a colony.  The soil was sandy and there was no fresh water.  So, in June [1605], after the arrival of a vessel bringing supplies from France, De Monts and Champlain set out to explore the coasts in search of a better site.  But, finding none which they deemed suitable, they decided to tempt fortune at Poutrincourt's domain of Port Royal.  Thither, then, in August the colonists moved, carrying their implements and stores across the Bay of Fundy, and landing on the north side of the Annapolis Basin, opposite Goat Island, where the village of Lower Granville now stands.

The colony thus formed at Port Royal in the summer of 1605 – the first agricultural settlement of Europeans on soil which is now Canadian [emphasis added] – had a broken existence of eight years.  Owing to intrigues at the French court, De Monts lost his charter in 1607 and the colony was temporarily abandoned; but it was re-established in 1610 by Poutrincourt and his son Charles de Biencourt.

The episode of Port Royal, one of the most lively in Canadian history, introduces to us some striking characters.  Besides the leaders in the enterprise, already mentioned – De Monts, Champlain, Poutrincourt, and Biencourt – we meet here Lescarbot, [Footnote: Lescarbot was the historian of the colony.  His History of New France, reprinted by the Champlain Society (Toronto, 1911), with an English translation, notes, and appendices by W.L. Grant, is a delightful and instructive work.] lawyer, merry philosopher, historian, and farmer; likewise, Louis Hebert, planting vines and sowing wheat – the same Louis Hebert who afterwards became the first tiller of the soil at Quebec.  Here, also, is Membertou, sagamore of the Micmacs, "a man of a hundred summers" and "the most formidable savage within the memory of man."

Hither, too, in 1611, came the Jesuits Biard and Masse, the first of the black-robed followers of Loyola to set foot in New France.  But the colony was to perish in an event which foreshadowed the struggle in America between France and England.  In 1613 the English Captain Argall from new-founded Virginia sailed up the coasts of Acadia looking for Frenchmen.  The Jesuits had just begun on Mount Desert Island the mission of St. Sauveur.  This Argall raided and destroyed.  He then went on and ravaged Port Royal.  And its occupants, young Biencourt and a handful of companions, were forced to take to a wandering life among the Indians...
— Source: FullBooks.com
The Acadian Exiles, part 1 by Arthur G. Doughty, Toronto, 1916
Chronicles of Canada, in thirty-two volumes
Edited by George M. Wrong and H. H. Langton

Sir Arthur G. DoughtyLibrary and Archives Canada
The Acadian Exiles, by Arthur G. DoughtyProject Gutenberg





Links to Relevant Websites

Rebuilding the Port Royal Habitation 1938 - 1940
Annapolis Heritage Society
      http://web.archive.org/web/20070828065415/http://www.annapolisheritagesociety.com/portroyal.htm


The Port Royal Habitation:
Four Hundred Years of European Settlement in North America

Nova Scotia Archives and Record Management
    http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/virtual/habitation/


Port-Royal National Historic Site of Canada Parks Canada
    http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/ns/portroyal/index_e.asp


Port Royal, Nova Scotia Wikipedia
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Royal,_Annapolis_County,_Nova_Scotia


Habitation at Port-Royal Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habitation_at_Port-Royal


Port-Royal National Historic Site of Canada Wikimedia Commons
    http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/
          Port-Royal_National_Historic_Site_of_Canada


The Port Royal Habitation: A 'Politically Correct' Reconstruction?
by Barbara M. Schmeisser,
Collections of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society, Vol. 44 (1996)
    http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/virtual/habitation/schmeisser.asp







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Scotch Fort 1629 monument Scotch Fort 1629-1632 monument Port Royal
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/scotchfort.html


Monument: Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill monument LeQuille
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/lequille.html


Bloody Creek monument Bloody Creek 1757 monument Bloody Creek
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bloodycrk.html


Fort Anne bronze cannon Fort Anne bronze cannon Annapolis Royal
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/annebroncann.html


1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express monument 1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express Monument Victoria Beach
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/ponyexmon.html


Rawding Captains monument Rawding Captains monument Clementsport
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/rawdingm.html


Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Clementsport
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/annironm.html


Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave
    http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/lahavefpm.html


Clementsport war memorial Clementsport war memorial
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/clemport.html


Edward Phinley Morse historic plaques, Clementsport Edward Phinley Morse plaques Clementsport
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/morse-shipyard.html


Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/clemvalem.html


Bear River war memorial Bear River war memorial Bear River
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bearriverm.html


Smiths Cove war memorial Smiths Cove war memorial Smiths Cove
    http://ns1763.ca/digbyco/smithscovem.html


Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/bridgetownm.html


Arthur Kennedy tombstone Arthur Kennedy tombstone LeQuille
    http://ns1763.ca/annapco/kennedyja.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   Home Page
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First uploaded to the WWW:   2004 March 21
Added 2005 stamp:   2007 February 28
Added Google Map link:   2008 March 28
Latest update:   2013 October 12