Photographs of
War Memorials,
Historic Monuments
and Plaques
Sunbury County, Nova Scotia
(before 1784)

Before 1784, the area now known as Westmorland County,
New Brunswick, was part of Sunbury County in Nova Scotia,
and was administered by the Governor and Council at Halifax.
In 1765, the Nova Scotia Government established Sunbury County,
which included  all  the area  now  known  as  New Brunswick,  and
a  substantial   chunk   of   what   is   now   eastern   Maine.    From
September 1768 to October 1785, Sunbury County had two elected
representatives in the Nova Scotia Provincial Parliament at Halifax.
After October 1785, this area was no longer eligible to send
representatives to the Nova Scotia Provincial Parliament.

Sunbury County, Nova Scotia by Wikipedia,_Nova_Scotia

Fort Beausejour plaquesAulac Fort Beausejour plaques

Thomas Dixson, November 1776, plaqueFort Cumberland Thomas Dixson, November 1776, plaque

Fort Lawrence interpretative panelFort Cumberland Fort Lawrence 1750-1756, interpretative panel

Frosty Hollow historic plaque, 1751Frosty Hollow Frosty Hollow historic plaque

Fort Gaspareaux plaque, 1751Port Elgin Fort Gaspareaux cairn and plaque, 1751

Glimpses of the Past

The wise policy of the government of Nova Scotia, which induced New England farmers to settle upon the lands in the peninsula from which the Acadians had been removed, was extended to others who wished to establish themselves in other sections of the province; and grants were soon made to companies and to individuals in different parts of the district which now forms the province of New Brunswick.  Many also went northward and westward towards the Canadian (Quebec) border.  "A perfect fever for emigration from the older towns commenced," as Kidder says, ["Military Operations in Eastern Maine and Nova Scotia during the Revolution," by Frederic Kidder] "and a very few years sufficed to carry civilization over the largest part of Vermont, New Hampshire and much of Maine along and west of the Penobscot." But the greater part of the emigration came toward Nova Scotia.

The rapidity and extent of this influx of population are almost incredible.  Gov. Lawrence's proclamations had drawn attention to the province; the fall of Quebec, and the Indian treaty of 1760, left no fear of an immediate renewal of the French and Indian wars; there were also, doubtless, greatly exaggerated reports of the fertility of the soil; yet it is impossible to fully account for the migration without supposing a sort of restlessness, such as sometimes seizes upon people en masse, and such as we have seen paralleled only in the early days of the "California fever".  Unlike the gold hunters, however, the New Englanders who came to Nova Scotia came as permanent settlers...

A County called Sunbury

In 1763, a number of families, led by Israel Perley, arrived in four vessels from New England, and settled at Maugerville, on the St. John – the first permanent British settlement above the mouth of the river... In 1765, this district (including St. John and Passamaquoddy) was erected into a county called the county of Sunbury in the province of Nova Scotia.  In the same year, the township of Burton, adjoining Maugerville, and Perkins' Island, (probably Indian Island) in Passamaquoddy bay, were granted to a New England company...

— Source: Glimpses of the Past: The County of Sunbury
Saint Croix Courier, St. Stephen, New Brunswick, 29 September 1892
— Reference: Glimpses of the Past: Index
Saint Croix Courier, St. Stephen, New Brunswick, 7 January 1892

Planter 2010 Celebration in Nova Scotia

Sunbury County monuments website: traffic statistics, Nov. 2008
Traffic report: November 2008

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia

Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One

Go To:   Nova Scotia in the War of 1812

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 July 27
Latest update:   2012 June 23