Thomas Dixson
1733 – 1809

The Eddy Rebellion
November 1776


Before 1784, this area — now known as Westmorland County,
New Brunswick — was part of Sunbury County in Nova Scotia.
Historic events that occurred here in the 1750s, 1760s, and 1770s
took place in what was then Nova Scotia.  Plaques and monuments
commemorating events that happened here before 1784 are included
in this collection of Nova Scotia historic markers.  These include the
capture of Fort Beausejour in 1755, and the Eddy Rebellion of 1776.

From 1759 to 1784, Nova Scotia and Massachusetts shared a common boundary.
Nova Scotia's western boundary was the eastern boundary of Massachusetts.

In 1784, the Nova Scotia side of this boundary became New Brunswick.
In 1820, the Massachusetts side of this boundary became Maine.



Fort Cumberland
a.k.a. Fort Beausejour
Westmorland County, New Brunswick
(formerly Sunbury County, Nova Scotia)

GPS location:   45°51'49"N   64°17'33"W
Google map




Thomas Dixson, 1733-1809

Photographed on 24 June 2005

invested – besieged, attacked  
siege – investment, encirclement
(now obsolete)



Thomas Dixson plaque: dated 1938
Thomas Dixson plaque: date 1938

Photographed on 24 June 2005



Thomas Dixson, 1733-1809
Photograph of the Fort Beausejour Museum
showing the location of the Dixson plaque.

Photographed on 24 June 2005



Fort Beausejour Museum, view from the southwest
Fort Beausejour Museum, view from the southwest

Photographed on 24 June 2005






Links to Relevant Websites
The Eddy Rebellion
Fort Cumberland

Tantramar Historic Sites: Thomas Dixson plaque
    http://heritage.tantramar.com/HS18_1A.html

Born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1732, Thomas Dixson came to Norfolk, Connecticut,
with his parents when he was a young boy.  He had an active military career
and his importance during the American Revolution is commemorated by the
above plaque.  He was 77 years old when he died and was originally buried in
Jolicure, N.B.  On 24 July 1938, his disintered ashes were reburied with
full military honours on the site of the old parade ground of Fort Beausejour.

Dixson was praised as "a soldier who saved the Maritimes for the Empire."
Speakers at the ceremony recalled "how he had braved the Bay of Fundy
in an open boat to bring reinforcements when the fort was besieged by
American rebels."  More than 500 uniformed troops participated in
the ceremony which was "transmitted...to all parts of the Dominion by the
Canadian Broadcasting network"
— quotations from The Springhill Record, 28 July 1938.


Two Fort Cumberlands

There are two forts named Cumberland that
had military significance in the period 1754-1783
One is located in present-day Cumberland, Maryland.
The other is near present-day Amherst, Nova Scotia.




Fort Cumberland: The Eddy Rebellion, November 1776
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Twelve, by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk2/Part2/Ch12.htm


Isthmus of Chignecto: Communications and Transport in the 1750s
Excerpted from the Parrsboro Citizen, 9 December 2000
    http://alts.net/ns1625/nshist02.html


The Taking of Fort Beausejour, 1755
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part6/
          Scenes/FortBeauAttackPlan.htm







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1763.ca/remem/plaques.html



Frosty Hollow historic plaque, 1751 Frosty Hollow historic plaque Frosty Hollow
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/frostyhollow.html


Fort Gaspareaux plaque, 1751 Fort Gaspareaux cairn and plaque, 1751 Port Elgin
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/fortgaspareaux.html


Fort Lawrence interpretative panel Fort Lawrence 1750-1756, interpretative panel Fort Cumberland
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/fortlawrence-panel.html


Fort Beausejour plaques Fort Beausejour plaques, 1755 Aulac
    http://ns1763.ca/sunco/fortbeausejour.html


Fort Lawrence historical plaque Fort Lawrence historical plaque, 1750 Fort Lawrence
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/fortlawrence-p.html


Cumberland County war memorial Cumberland County war memorial Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/cumberlandwar.html


North Nova Scotia Highlanders memorial mural North Nova Scotia Highlanders memorial mural Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/amhermural.html


E.B. Chandler plaque E.B. Chandler plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/chandlerm.html


R.B. Dickey plaque R.B. Dickey plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/dickeyrbm.html


J. McCully plaque J. McCully plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/mccullyjm.html


Sir C. Tupper plaque Sir C. Tupper plaque Amherst
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/tuppercm.html


Yorkshire Settlers plaque Yorkshire Settlers plaque River Philip
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/yorkshirem.html


Joggins war memorial Joggins war memorial Joggins
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/joggwarmem.html


Amos Seaman's two churches Amos Seaman's two churches Minudie
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/minudie2c.html


A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone Minudie
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/seamanmon.html


Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/westchester.html


Diligent River: historic monument Diligent River historic monument Diligent River
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/diligentriv.html


Maccan war memorial Maccan war memorial Maccan
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/maccanmem.html


Springhill war memorial Springhill war memorial Springhill
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/sprhillwarm.html


Oxford war memorial Oxford war memorial Oxford
    http://ns1763.ca/cumberco/oxfordwarmem.html


Go To:   Nova Scotia History, Chapter One
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory01.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Historical Biographies
    http://newscotland1398.ca/hist/nshistory00.html#ns-historical-biog

Go To:   Proclamations: Land Grants in Nova Scotia 1757, '58, '59
    http://planter2010.ca/proc/proclamations-ndx.html

Go To:   Statutes of Nova Scotia, 1805, edited by Richard John Uniacke
    http://ns1763.ca/law/ns-statutes1805-titlepg.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://ns1758.ca/quote/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/rail/railways.html

Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/electric/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/auto/automobiles.html

Go To:   History of Telegraph and Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://ns1758.ca/tele/telephone.html

Go To:   Home Page
    http://ns1763.ca/index.html



First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 July 29
Added Google Map link:   2007 December 29