Note 1: The first issue of the New York Herald was published on May 6th, 1835.
Note 2: RMS (Royal Mail Ship) Britannia, the first ship built by the new Cunard line especially for the transAtlantic Royal Mail service, steamed out of Liverpool on her first voyage across the North Atlantic on July 4th, 1840, and arrived in Halifax on July 17th. Her Liverpool to Halifax time was 14 days 8 hours, very fast for that time. Britannia was in Halifax only a few hours, then continued to Boston, where she docked on July 20th. On that day, July 20th, immediately after Britannia arrived, the most recent European news available in Boston was sixteen days old. This news was carried from Boston to New York by the fastest means then available, a special express courier riding a relay of horses. The news reached New York only seventeen days after it left Liverpool, England; this was a considerable improvement on the previous service.
Note 3: Hiram Hyde, Nova Scotia's stage coach tycoon,|
died at Truro, Nova Scotia, on 14th December 1907.
Hyde had the contract for running the 1849 dispatch
express on behalf of Daniel H. Craig, while Barnaby
served the rival organization.
Note (by ICS, 21 January 2002):
It is believed that the mysterious "Barnaby", referred to above,
was Timothy Barnabe of the Western Stage Coach Company,
whose name appears in the following government record:
On 12 February 1847, a petition "of Timothy Barnabe
was presented" to the Nova Scotia Legislature
"by Mr. Dewolfe, and read, praying a return of the Duties
paid on the importation of Carriages, by the Western Stage
Coach Company." The Legislature referred the petition
to the Committee on Trade and Manufactures.
[Journal of the Proceedings of the House of Assembly
of the Province of Nova Scotia, 1847]
"Mr. Dewolfe," who presented Barnabe's petition to the Legislature,
was Thomas Andrew Strange DeWolfe (1795-1878). From 1836 to 1847,
T.A.S. DeWolfe represented Kings County in the Legislature.
And who was "Timothy Barnabe"? There is a record of
Timothy Barnaby, born 14 June 1811 in Cornwallis, Kings County, N.S.
In March 1849, this Timothy Barnaby would have been 37 years old, which is
about right for someone in a position to organize a horse express service.
Note 4: This is at an average of 20 miles per hour [32 km/h]|
including all delays.
Note 5: This is probably Thaddeus Harris, born 1820,
died June 1851, son of Hon. J.D. Harris of Kentville.
Note 6: Readers are referred to an article on|
the Halifax Pony Express, by George Mullane
in the Morning Chronicle for 1st January 1914.
Note 7: At this time (1858) the railway ran from Halifax to Truro|
and from Truro to New Glasgow, but there was no railway
between Truro and Sackville, New Brunswick.
Note 8: The Nova Scotia Electric Telegraph Company began|
transmitting messages between Halifax and Amherst,
from/to the New Brunswick border, on November 14th, 1849.
|Note 9: John Howe was postmaster at Halifax, from 1803 to 1843.|
Note 10: Percussion caps came into use in England|
between 1820 and 1830, and this fact, taken in consideration
with the statement that Howe was then postmaster, would
approximately date the story between 1830 and 1843.
Note A (by ICS, November 2001):
For more than a hundred years, historians in Nova Scotia — including John Regan and all the others — believed that no written record existed of the first run of the Halifax Express. No such record does exist in Nova Scotia (that is, none is known as of this writing, in November 2001), but in May 1999, two contemporary reports of that first run were found in the archives of the Saint John Regional Library:
Note B (by ICS, April 1999)
John Regan wrote (above):
Samuel Topliff and Harry Blake
were the first news managers
[page 230] In the early years of the nineteenth century, Henry Ingraham Blake, of the Mercury and New England Palladium regularly boarded a small boat and rowed out to to collect the latest news from incoming ships in Boston harbor.
[page 348] Samuel Topliffe, Jr., of the Exchange Coffee-House also spent time in a rowboat in Boston Harbor in these years, gathering news which was then made available, for a fee, to readers in the coffeehouse.
[Excerpted from A History of News by Mitchell Stephens, Penguin Books, 1988, ISBN 01400.94903]
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